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Article: Kashmir Sapphires: The Legendary Blue Sapphires You Should Know

Kashmir Sapphires: The Extraordinary Blue Sapphires You Should Know-Jogani

Kashmir Sapphires: The Legendary Blue Sapphires You Should Know

When you think about sapphires, the color blue naturally comes to mind. After all, out of all the sapphire colors, it is the most well-known. But of all the blue sapphires gifted to us by the earth, the most beautiful and treasured of all are indisputably the legendary Kashmir sapphires.

The great allure of Kashmir sapphires begins with their unexpected discovery in 1881 in a majestic yet nearly inaccessible corner of the high Himalayan Mountains of northwest India. The location is so remote in fact that only a handful of trained geologists have ever been there.

The discovery was due to a landslide that struck the area, exposing gemmy blue crystals the likes of which had never been seen. The sapphires were found in a glacial cirque thousands of feet high on the slopes of the Himalaya’s rugged Zanskar Range in the Paddar region of Kashmir.

Kashmir sapphire and diamond necklace

Late 19th-century brooch set with three extremely rare natural Kashmir sapphires of impressive size and with a similar color and quality.

Legend has it that this land was inhabited with giants at the dawn of time. One day, the giants brazenly stole from the gods a piece of the velvety blue sky. Enraged, the gods turned the giants into mountains, the highest in the world. But in their haste, they forgot to reclaim their stolen possession. Thus were born the blue sapphires of Kashmir.

Zanskari traders, navigating the treacherous terrain, were first responsible for bringing the Kashmir sapphires to the attention of the outside world. Local villagers began trading Kashmir sapphires for consumer goods such as salt. Before long, Kashmir sapphires found their way to larger commercial centers where they were soon sought after for their inherent beauty and great value. 

The Special Qualities of Kashmir Sapphires

What made the Kashmir sapphires so desirable was their extraordinary vivid blue color—often called “cornflower blue”—a moderate purplish-blue, the finest of which is likened by those in India to the striking color of a peacock’s neck. What’s more, the deep blue color is highly saturated and uniform throughout the stones and lacks the modifying colors of green and pink seen in many other blue sapphires. The color also remains consistent even under various lighting conditions.

Equally as exceptional is the Kashmir sapphire’s velvety luster. Brought about by color zoning that’s often associated with microscopic layers of internal liquid inclusions, it gives Kashmir sapphires their characteristic "silkiness" or glow.

The Peacock Necklace

The "Peacock Necklace" features 21 natural cushion-shaped Kashmir sapphires and 23 cushion-shaped diamonds set in platinum.


When the Maharaja of Kashmir heard about these special sapphires, he claimed his rightful ownership of the mines in 1882 and dispatched troops to guard them and prohibit dealing. The crystals were then worked in earnest from the original site, known as the “Old Mine,” with hand tools, much like “digging for potatoes.” It’s been said that some of the crystals were “as large as eggplants” or “bigger than a polo or croquet ball.” Ultimately, the most magnificent Kashmir sapphires were recovered during this period until the mines were eventually depleted in 1887.

Kashmir Sapphires, the Rarest of Them All

New sapphires were discovered in the area in the years that followed, but the quality of the stones could not compare with the Old Mine Kashmir sapphires. They are a rare phenomenon of nature that has come to signify the most desirable and cherished of all blue sapphires, setting them apart from even some of the best Ceylon and Burmese sapphires of similar value.

The limited production of the Old Mine has resulted in only a small fraction of the world’s blue sapphire supply originating from Kashmir, making Kashmir sapphires the rarest blue sapphires available.

Surprisingly, there are not many notable Kashmir sapphires in the great treasuries of the world. Look for them today at such renowned jewelry houses as Cartier and Harry Winston, at the best jewelry auctions around the world, in private collections, and here at Jogani, where we’re honored to have a few spectacular Kashmir sapphires in our inventory. They are truly some of the rarest and finest gemstones in the world.

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